Ornamental plants are so common these days that it is very likely that you either have one in your home or someone close to you has one as well!
They are grown for display purposes, thus, they have gained popularity in the last few years and especially since the words sustainability and permaculture have come into public display.
Ornamental plants can be grown inside and outside of your house. They are, in fact, very adaptive to where they are planted. Ornamental gardens use plants that are more designed for their aesthetic pleasure and appearance than for crop production or cooking.
Ornamental garden designs include flowering plants and bulbs as well as foliage plants, ornamental grasses, shrubs, and trees. It is easy to grow ornamental plants in the landscape.
They give some pleasure to our senses, thus, they serve only the purpose of decoration. As a result, ornamental plants come in a wide range of colors, shapes, and sizes and they generally adapt to different climates.
Types Of The Ornamental Gardens:
The ornamental garden has many types
- Roof garden
- Vertical garden
- Water garden
- Marsh or bog garden
- Rock garden
- Wildflower garden
Roof gardening is a concept that lasts as long as the roofs exist. City dwellers have been planting trees on rooftops and fire escapes for generations.
Even green roofs, covered with mud and plants, have been around for years. It seems that no matter how much land the gardener has, we are always looking for more space, and all kinds of roof gardens are gaining popularity in both residential and commercial sites.
The roof is often decorated with pots of both flowers and plants. There may be a number of such plants. Small or large, they can be arranged systematically or carelessly.
Not so in the strict sense. A roof garden is one that resembles a garden of the landscape. Land with different characteristics, such as lawns, and flower beds are placed according to taste, Principles of balance and harmony create beauty. The main difference is in the scale; Roof gardens are Small in both extension and height.
Types Of Roof Gardens:
Roof gardens can be private or cooperative in nature.
- Private Roof Garden:
When there is a garden Built on a private building, usually a property, it is private in nature. Private rooftop gardens can be owned by an individual or entity, such as a hotel, bank, Office, or other similar institution.
- Co-Operative Roof Garden:
Today, multi-story apartment buildings are being built. Here, the number of owners is very large and everyone can claim a share in the roof space. If there is a garden, when the roof of such a building is erected, its ownership will be considered cooperative.
Why Do You Think To Have A Roof Garden?
There are many good reasons to consider a roof garden:
- They use unused or underused space.
- A garden beautifies an empty space.
- They can provide privacy.
- They can be extremely environmentally friendly.
- There is usually good exposure to the sun.
- No need to worry about deer, rabbits, or other non-flying insects.
How To Grow A Roof Garden?
The easiest and most personal way of gardening on the roof is to use containers and raised beds.
You can create any style of roof garden with container-grown plants, from a few simple herbaceous plants to formal, elegant potters. Containers are great for roof gardens because they are lightweight, portable, flexible, and affordable.
A vertical garden is a vertically suspended panel on which plants are grown using hydroponics. These unique structures can be either free-standing or attached to a wall and come under many different names: living green walls, plant walls, and moss walls for just a few names.
Whatever you call them, these vertical structures of plant life can be as small as a picture frame or large enough to cover an entire wall. Vertical gardens are a great alternative to potted plants in a built environment.
Potted plants provide flexibility in space, but they take up space and require a lot of care. Vertical gardens take up very little space, if any, floor space. Vertical gardens have the advantage of natural direct sunlight.
Reasons For Consideration Of Vertical Gardens:
There are plenty of good reasons to consider a vertical garden:
- A vertical garden provides the buildings with excellent protection and insulation from temperature fluctuations, UV rays, and heavy rain.
- In summer, outdoor vertical gardens use a process called evaporation, which helps to cool the air around them.
- You can upgrade your home decor with vertical gardening. Apart from the fact that gardening could be an ideal way to relieve stress for some people.
- It is the most affordable and eco-friendly way to upgrade your apartment or home.
How To Grow A Vertical Garden?
It’s very easy to create a vertical garden. All you need is a wall then build a frame and choose plants with similar habits and figure out the best soil for your garden.
A water garden or aquatic garden is a term sometimes used for gardens or parts of gardens that display aquatic plants. In these gardens, water is a basic or dominant element.
The main focus is on aquatic plants but they will sometimes catch waterfowl, or ornamental fish, in which case it may be called a fish pond.
Aquaculture is horticulture-related to plants growing according to lakes, rivers, and ponds, often, especially on their shallow margins.
Although water gardens can be of almost any size or depth, they are often shallow and relatively small, perhaps less than twenty inches (50 cm) deep. This is because most aquatic plants are deeply sensitive and require a certain depth of water to thrive.
Whether grown in a container, shell liner, PVC liner, or indoors, water gardens can be any shape or size and show off many different designs.
Although deep ones can exist, most water gardens are shallow, as many aquatic plants are sensitive to depth. Your water garden may be a water source for small animals, including birds and squirrels. You may even spot the occasional frog or salamander.
Plants Of Water Garden:
Following plants can be flourishing in a water garden like
- Water lettuce
- Water lilies
- Sweet flag
- Water plantain
- Pitcher plant
- Rose pogonia
- Ladies tresses
How To Build A Water Garden?
The following things are required to build a water garden beside your water garden plants. The first thing you need is a container, and a pump (because it ensures your water garden has a healthy ecosystem.
They evenly distribute oxygen and nutrients to plants and other aquatic life in your water garden).
Marsh Or Bog Garden:
The Marsh Garden, also called the Bog Garden, is a swampy area where the soil is swampy, and one of the shallow streams or trickle flows through it.
The basic premise of a marsh garden is to keep it moist and swampy. For this reason, a swamp garden can be built on a low-lying area where surface drainage water will naturally accumulate under the sticky soil.
How To Plant A Marsh Garden?
- When planting, the important point to keep in mind is that the swamp should not be overcrowded.
- It is best to plant one type of plant in groups of 3 to 6 so that there is enough space in between before planting the other group with different colors, textures, sizes, and heights.
- In a small area, it is advisable to grow a large variety by growing dwarf swamp plants.
- In a wide area, passionate growers should be used more freely, especially to create background effects.
Plants Of Marsh Garden:
Marsh gardens have two groups of plants
- Swap dwellers: who love 5-10cm of standing water.
- The second category includes plants that live on or a little above the waterline.
A terrarium is an indoor gardening container, usually made of glass that is completely or partially closed to allow heat and light to enter and to limit humidity.
Terrariums can be completely closed but are often left partially open to allow air to flow. Sometimes known as the “Glass Garden”, a terrarium is a wonderful and inspiring gift, even for those who consider themselves a challenge to plants.
You can build a basic terrarium in less than an hour with very cheap materials. Glassware, mason jars, and even goldfish bowls make a beautiful terrarium and small terrarium plants, each costing only a few dollars.
Plants Of Terrarium:
Following plants to include in a terrarium
- African violet
- Polka dot plant
- Small ferns
- Nerve plant
- Creeping fig
The Material You Need For The Terrarium:
To build a terrarium you need a glass container with no drainage hole. Small crushed stones, Activated charcoal, Terrarium plants, Sterile potting mix, Sheet moss, and Decorative elements.
- 15 Gorgeous Closed Terrarium Plants That Will Thrive In High Humidity
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Rock gardens are a great way to show off rocks and sunny, alpine plants together. Rock gardens should look natural, not supermassive. It can be made in the open sun or in partial shade.
Characteristics of rock garden:
- Plants in rock gardens usually have long roots that enable them to obtain moisture even when the surface is hot and dry.
- A rock garden can provide several different habitats even in a quite small area.
- Stony or other awkward terrain can be beautified by a rock garden.
Best Rocks For Rock Garden:
Rock gardens invest heavily in hard materials such as rock, stone, gravel, or slate. If possible choose local stone
- Sandstone is an example of a suitable rock that is widely available and is not too alkaline.
- Choose a stone to build a natural-looking crop.
- Limestone from natural limestone pavements was widely used. These pavements are scarce and finite resources with unique flora.
Wildflowers are varieties of flowers that have shown to be hardy and regenerative with little attention from gardeners. Wildflower gardens are considered a low-cost alternative to high-maintenance gardening.
Many wildflowers prefer poor soil and neglect, making them ideal for hard-to-maintain areas of your property.
Growing Tips For Wildflower Garden:
Make your bed in the fall before you plan to plant. You will not have to fight with all the annuals herbs that grow in the spring and you won’t get impatient and be tempted to skip steps in your preparation.
The best time to plant wildflowers is in the spring to give them a good long season to get established and set seed.
If you are starting later in the summer be sure you have 8-10 weeks before frost if you want them to self-sow. Consider building walkways in your meadow so you can get out there and enjoy the view.