Tamarind plant produce edible fruits. It is an evergreen plant. Tamarind plant can be 25m high and 7m wide. It is a slow-growing plant and can live more than 300 years.
The flowers of the tamarind are formed in groups and have a red line in them. Its leaves presented in pair form, which means one stick has many pairs of leaves.
Growing Tamarind From Seed:
If you want to grow tamarind plants from seeds, the boiling, and soaking of the seeds before planting is a good idea because tamarind seeds have hard shells. You can break the shells by boiling and soaking them for the healthy growth of your tamarind seedlings.
Take a mug and fill it with hot water and put the seeds in it for 1 hour. Be careful when you sock the seeds in boiling water, wear gloves and safety glasses for protection. Or you can prepare seeds by soaking them in lukewarm water for 12 to 24 hours.
After preparing the seeds for germination, put the seeds in 1/2 inches deep in the soil (potting soil = Compost + garden soil + coco peat) and cover slightly with the same soil. Give them water. And cover the entire container with plastic wrap. The seeds will germinate in 12 – 20 days.
Best Tips For The Growth Of Tamarind Plants
Tamarind is a bright light plant. They can survive in the hot and moderate regions. Tamarind plant has ability to live in acidic climate. It can easily thrive in regions where the level of rainfall is 500 to 750mm. They need more care in winter season.
Tamarind plants can survive in every kind of soil. Even it can grow in salty and alkaline soil. Fertile and loamy soil is the best for its growth. Its long and deep roots can easily develop in this type of soil.
Care Of Young Orchards:
Tamarind plants need more care when they start their early growth. You should give them support with sticks so that the plant can grow well. And should prune the weak and dry shoots.
Tamarind plants need not more water because generally, they can survive on less rainfall too. But baby plants need water for their growth. One-year-old plants need 10 litter water after one week. You should give them more water in the summer season. Plants grow well and produce more fruits with regular watering.
We don’t have a piece of accurate information about the nutrition of the tamarind plants. Generally says, a one-year-old plant needs 10kg FYM + 100g nitrogen 50g P2o5 +100g K2o. The needed amount of these nutrients will increase with the age. Give more nitrogen in September and October months.
Tamarind plant is not a very attractive plant, so pests and insects did not attack them very often. Mostly tamarind plants grow in semiwild conditions, so they have the natural ability to protect themselves from natural diseases.
Harvesting and yield:
We start the harvesting of tamarind plants in the January and April months. Those plants that grow with seeds, can take up to 7 to 8 years for producing flowers and fruits.
But those plants that propagate with buds and cutting can produce fruits in 4 to 5 years. The yield of this plant depends upon the soil, propagation method, and environmental conditions.